The Jewish neighborhood in Armenia can locate their origins right back almost 2,000 many years to after the deterioration from the First Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

The Jewish neighborhood in Armenia can locate their origins right back almost 2,000 many years to after the deterioration from the First Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

Today, the Jewish people in Armenia is roughly not as much as 100 anyone

Neighborhood Background

The Jewish people of Armenia goes practically 2,000 decades. Numerous historians date the arrival of the basic Jewish settlement in Armenia back to the devastation on the 1st Temple. During conquest of master Tigranes II the best, Tigranes produced with your 10,000 Jewish captives to Armenia as he retreated from Palestine, because of the Roman approach on Armenia (69 B.C.E.). By 360-370 C.E., there was an enormous upsurge in Jewish Hellenistic immigration into Armenia; most Armenian cities turned mainly Jewish. During this time period, however, the Persian Shapur II began deporting thousands of Jews to Iran.

Halakhic studies never prospered in Armenia, though there are some records on the part in Jewish Hellenistic root. During Medieval days, nearly all of Armenian Jewry vanished as a distinct entity in your community, although many historians believe they became a part of the Kurdish Jewry. There is certainly an ancient Jewish cemetery located in the region of Vayots Dzor, for the city of Eghegis, south and west of Yerevan. There are more than 40 tombstones going back with the 13th 100 years, 16 tombstones with Hebrew and Aramaic inscriptions.

Jews from Poland and Persia very first began arriving in Armenia in the early nineteenth century. Since 1840, Jewish settlers founded both Ashkenazic and Sephardic communities in Yerevan. Around 1924, the Sephardic synagogue, Shiek Mordechai, was actually a leading institution among Jewish community.

After and during The Second World War, hundreds of displaced Jews moved to Soviet Armenia. The Jewish population of Armenia expanded to approximately 5,000 visitors. In 1959, the Jewish inhabitants peaked in Soviet Armenia at about 10,000 men. Another wave of Jewish immigrants arrived in the nation between 1965 and 1972, generally intelligentsia, armed forces, and designers. These Jews arrived from Russia and Ukraine, interested in more liberal people. Nowadays, the Jewish people has fewer than 1,000 people because emigration and absorption. Between 1992 and 1994, a lot more than 6,000 Jews immigrated to Israel caused by Armenia’s political isolation and economic depression. In 1995, the Chabad quarters is created in Yerevan. The Chabad House produces free of charge foods, supplies classes in Hebrew and Jewish customs, and cares for the community elderly.

The interest rate of intermarriage among Jews and Christian Armenians is very high. In a job interview, Rabbi Berstein of this Yerevan Chabad defined the Jewish society as “‘too smaller’ becoming of great interest to many Jewish organizations.” Around 1 / 2 of the Jewish populace resides in Yerevan. Seven, Yerevan and Vanadzor need active Jewish community locations.

At the beginning of 2002, Rimma Varzhapetian turned into the president from the Jewish people of Armenia. The only real rabbi in Armenia is Rabbi Gershom Meir Berstein regarding the Chabad in Yerevan. In 2004, the Jewish society, through help of Chabad, started making kosher items. Gradually, the Jewish area try rebuilding itself in Armenia.

Neighborhood Organizations

The US Jewish Joint circulation panel (JDC) is quite energetic in Armenia assisting older people, through the charity Orot Hesed. The JDC operates through the Yerevan synagogue to offer finances for meals offers Jak sprawdzić, kto lubi na uniform dating bez płacenia, fuel, and medication. The program aids almost 80 folks.

The Jewish neighborhood of Armenia (JCA) in Yerevan additionally sponsors software for Jews. In belated 2002, the JCA published the community’s basic newsletter.

The Jewish agencies for Israel (JAFI) preserves a sunday-school, a Hesed elderly center, a number of childhood clubs and public activities in Armenia. The Religious Society of Armenia also helps an extra Sunday school and a summer camp, both situated in Yerevan. Menorah, the Armenia-Israel tradition team, performs lots of recreation in the community. Modern Hebrew is taught on condition college since 1995.

In 1992, the Jewish spiritual society of Armenia ended up being established in Yerevan. This Chabad company maintains a rabbi, the next sunday-school in Armenia and a residential area Center for tools and events. Additionally, it supporting a summer camp and charity applications. You’ll find once a week Shabbat solutions and vacation services used in the Yerevan synagogue. Since 1997, the Jewish spiritual Community possess released the publication, Koelet, in order to keep the city well informed.

There’s also limited Jewish area in Sevan that sporadically holds solutions led by head rabbi from the Yerevan Synagogue.

Anti-Semitism

Typically, Jews and Armenian Christians have seen good connections. Both organizations bring ancient social and spiritual origins in Armenia with helped them through contemporary persecutions. However, Jews are believed aliens in Armenia and never complete residents.

Anti-Semitism really does can be found in Armenia, though it cannot take place usually. By way of example, in February 2002, Romen Yepiskoposyan released an anti-Semitic book. Furthermore the news and regional officials started a boycott regarding the Holocaust memorial.

Caused by Armenia and Turkey’s bring poor union in time, a lot of the anti-Semitism in Armenia comes from the good affairs between poultry and Israel and usa.

People Interaction

The Armenian Jewish people features good connections the help of its authorities. Armenian Jewry may worship and exercise Jewish practices freely due to the 1991 Armenian laws on liberty of Conscience, revised in 1997, of split of church and county. In 1996, hawaii subscription institution called for every public business to register with all the county. The Jewish Religious neighborhood of Armenia try registered because of the Committee on Nationalities.

In 1999, the JCA rooted trees in Yerevan in commemoration on the Holocaust therefore the Armenian Genocide Memorial.

A state-sponsored channel broadcasts a weekly tv series highlighting Jewish and Israeli culture. The Armenian federal government has additionally been cooperating making use of Jewish society to retrieve Torah scrolls confiscated before and put into condition stuff.


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